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The Brains that Pull the Triggers - 3rd Paris Conference on Syndrome E

10/05/2017
Institut d'études avancées de Paris
Colloque organisé par Itzhak Fried (IEA de Paris / UCLA / U. Tel Aviv) et Alain Berthoz (Collège de France)

avec le soutien de la Région Ile de France dans le cadre du DIM Cerveau et Pensée, et de l'American University of Paris


Présentation

The third international conference “The Brains that Pull the Triggers” will take place under the auspices of the Paris Institute for Advanced Study at the exceptional Hotel de Lauzun in Paris on May 10-12, 2017.

The conference will bring together scientists and scholars from the human, social and brain sciences to bear upon the question of transformation of seemingly ordinary individuals to repetitive agents of extreme violence in groups (Syndrome E). The menacing specter of such transformation in the human condition that has caused immense loss of life in the past, is a matter of grave concerns in contemporary civilization with the increase in global radicalization and discontent. In a special editorial, Nature magazine has described the first conference as “…a bold and important attempt to bring interdisciplinary approach to one of the biggest questions facing humanity”.  

The aim of the upcoming conference is to foster a multidisciplinary approach trying to elucidate the brain mechanisms of this behavior and its collective characteristics, and also to evoke the social, psychological, ethical and juridical aspects. The conference will be a culmination and synthesis of three years of studies and discussions and will conclude with plans for further actions.


INTRODUCTION


Introduction et mots de bienvenue
     
Alain BERTHOZ (Collège de France)


Introduction et mots de bienvenue  
Gretty MIRDAL (IEA Paris)


The Brains that Pull the Triggers: Syndrome E, 2017

Itzhak FRIED (IEA Paris – UCLA et Tel Aviv University)




HEART OF DARKNESS: ORDINARY AND EXTRAORDINARY PERPETRATORS


How Ordinary People Become Violent: Frustration and Dehumanization

Susan FISKE (Princeton University)


How Ordinary are ‘Ordinary Perpetrators’? Notes on the Genocidal Mentality

Abram DE SWAAN (University of Amsterdam)


How Does one Become a Torturer? The Case of Duch in Cambodia

Françoise SIRONI (Université Paris 8 Saint-Denis)


The Hermeneutics of Darkness: Interpreting Perpetrators on their Crimes

Brian SCHIFF (American university of Paris)



SELF AND GROUP


Identity Versus Self: Tensions Between Group, Radicalization and Individual Violence

JM BERGER (International Center for Counter-Terrorism)


A Neural Mechanism for Empathy and the Role of Society in its Modifications

Giaccomo RIZZOLATTI (University of Parma)

 


THE WILL TO DIE AND KILL

Devoted Actors and the Spiritual Dimension of Conflict on the ISIS Frontline and Elsewhere
Scott ATRAN (CNRS - University of Michigan)


Stereotyped Behaviour of Perpetrators: “Critical Period” during pre-adolescence for tolerance and empathy?

Alain BERTHOZ (College de France)


 


BRAINS THAT PULL THE TRIGGERS : PLASTICITY OF BEHAVIOR


Plasticity of Empathy and Prosocial Motivation: From Outgroup Hate to Ingroup Favouritism
Tania SINGER (Max Planck Institute for Human cognitive and Brain Sciences)




BRAINS THAT PULL THE TRIGGERS : UNDER THE INFLUENCE


Brains on Drugs: Lessons from the Third Reich

Norman OHLER (Berlin – auteur de Blitzed, Drugs in the Third Reich)


Are there Similarities Between the Effects of Drugs and Syndrome E?

Jean-Pol TASSIN (Collège de France)




MORALITY, LAW, AND NEUROSCIENCE


Moral Flexibility: Insights From Neuroscience

Molly CROCKETT (University of Oxford)


Bringing Together Neuroscience and the Law: Some Reflections

Jean-Paul COSTA (International Institute of Human Rights)




WHERE DO WE GO FROM HERE?


Introduction
Itzhak FRIED (IEA Paris – UCLA et Tel Aviv University)


Table ronde 1: Past and Present Perpetrators: Issues of Interpretation and Prevention

Avec JM BERGER, Gretty MIRDAL, Norman OHLER, Abram DE SWAAN, Brian SCHIFF, Françoise SIRONI, Jessica STERN


Table ronde 2: The Place of Neuroscience in Future Research on Perpetrators of Extreme Violence

Avec Alain BERTHOZ, Itzhak FRIED, Etienne KOECHLIN (ENS Paris), Tania SINGER, Edmund ROLLS


Conclusion générale

Itzhak FRIED (IEA Paris – UCLA et Tel Aviv University) et Gretty MIRDAL (IEA Paris)

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