Thought about Conscience and the Church
Séminaire organisé par Emily Corran, médieviste, UCL, résidente de l'IEA de Paris, et Christophe Grellard, EPHE-PSL, dans le cadre du cycle "Conscience and the Sources of Moral Authority".
Entrée libre sans inscription préalable dans la limite des places disponibles.
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Avec la participation de :
Professor David d’Avray (UCL)
‘The Medieval Papacy and Moral Uncertainty’
Did twelfth and thirteenth century popes address moral uncertainty in official documents? It is hard to find anything comparable to the pronouncements of popes in recent times on bioethical questions and social justice, or any real equivalent to ‘encyclicals’ in the modern sense. This is because papal documents of the medieval period are mostly in a more or less legal mode. They were religious, certainly, but seldom dealt with questions of conscience that had no connection with canon law, broadly defined. Nonetheless popes did deal with problems that went beyond positive law into the realm of conscience. This happened especially when they dealt with the sacraments. In that field, the line between man-made law and divine institution could be unclear, and the unclarity was the source of the uncertainty. Case studies are examined and their influence of confessional practice assessed.
Responder: Arnaud Fossier
Dr Felicity Hill (St Andrews)
‘Licit and illicit absolution: who could absolve from excommunication and in what circumstances?’
That certain sins were reserved to bishops or to the pope is well-known. These were typically either serious offences or transgressions that were covered by ipso facto excommunications. Reserved absolutions were publicised through synodal statutes and in pastoral manuals but must sometimes have been contravened. As the thirteenth-century progressed, complaints and reminders focused not only on lesser clergy but also on unscrupulous friars absolving those who they had no right to absolve. This paper will focus on such complaints as well as the rationale used to explain these reserved cases. Moreover, lesser clergy were to send penitents with letters explaining the sin and its circumstances, with implications for breaking the seal of the confessional.
Responder: Julien Théry
La casuistique, les laïcs et la hiérarchie ecclésiastique à la fin du Moyen Âge : une éthique des institutions complexes
01 septembre 2022 - 30 juin 2023