Spiritual Empires in Europe and India. Cosmopolitan Religious Movements from 1875 to the Interwar Era
Perry Myers, Spiritual Empires in Europe and India. Cosmopolitan Religious Movements from 1875 to the Interwar Era, Palgrave Macmillan, 2021.
This book provides a comparative analysis of cosmopolitan (esoteric) religious movements, such as Theosophy, Groupe Independent des Études Ésotériques, Anthroposophy, and Monism, in England, France, Germany, and India during the late nineteenth-century to the interwar years. Despite their diversity, these factions manifested a set of common features—anti-materialism, embrace of Darwinian evolution, and a belief in universal spirituality—that coalesced in a transnational field of analogous cosmopolitan spiritual affinities. Yet, in each of their geopolitical locations these groups developed vastly different interpretations and applications of their common spiritual tenets.
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