Autour du livre 'The Antiquity of the Italian Nation. The Cultural origins of a Political Myth in Modern Italy'
Intervention d'Antonino de Francesco au sujet de son livre The Antiquity of the Italian Nation. The Cultural origins of a Political Myth in Modern Italy, 1796-1943 (Oxford University Press, 2013) dans le cadre du séminaire Écrire l'histoire de France, dirigé par Patrice Gueniffey (EHESS).
Présentation de l'ouvrage
- New perspectives on Italy's history as a nationalizing tool
- Re-interpretation of the antiquarian heritage in modern Italy: tracing the development from anti-romanism to nationalism
- Reconsideration of the contribution made by this discipline to the birth of modern Italy
With Italy under Napoleonic rule at the beginning of the nineteenth century, the antiquarian topic of anti-romanism became a pillar of the Italian nation-building process and, in turn, was used against the dominant French culture. The history of the Italian nation predating the Roman Empire supported the idea of an Italian cultural primacy and proved crucial in the creation of modern Italian nationalism. Towards the end of the nineteenth century, Italian studies of Roman history would drape a dark veil over the earliest history of Italy while Fascism openly claimed the legacy of the Roman Empire. Italic antiquity would, however, remain alive through all those years, intersecting with the political and cultural life of modern Italy.
In this book, De Francesco examines the different uses of the constantly reasserted antiquity of the Italian nation in history, archaeology, palaeoethnology, and anthropology from the Napoleonic period to the collapse of Fascism.
Table des matières
1: The historic past of the nation
2: A plural Italy
3: Unity in diversity
4: The other Italy
5: The anthropology of the nation
6: Return to Rome
7: From the African Empire to the Etruscans