Intervention à l'European University Institute de Florence dans le cadre du séminaire d'Olivier Roy (EUI-RSCAS) et Nadia Marzouki (Jean-Monnet Fellow), organisé avec le soutien du Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies.
Strategy is often thought of exclusively in terms of politics, based on Clausewitz's closely linked definitions of war and strategy. Beatrice Heuser's The Evolution of Strategy: Thinking War from Antiquity to the Present (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010) has questioned this linkage, however, in one of the most important recent studies of strategic formulation. Heuser suggests that strategies are socially and culturally produced: "When implicit assumptions in the literature on Strategy are rendered explicit through textual and contextual analysis, we find revealing indicators of social institutions and norms, of the writers' perceptions and understanding of politics and relations between political entities . of their values, ideologies and passive and active culture more generally." In this paper, I aim to build on this insight to develop an analysis of the formation of strategy in religious warfare. I will attempt to discern historical strategies of religious warfare and consider their potential relevance for contemporary conflicts with religious dimensions.