Beatrice de Gelder
Beatrice de Gelder is a cognitive neuroscientist and neuropsychologist.
She received an MA in Philosophy, an MA in Experimental Psychology and a PhD in Philosophy from Louvain University in Belgium. Most recently she joined the Department of Cognitive Neuroscience at Maastricht University in 2012. Her current research focuses on face and body perception recognition and emotional consciousness. She also explores in collaboration with artists the interface between artistic practice and neuroscience. This last decade she has received several EU grants including and Advanced research grant in 2012 and a Synergy research grant in 2019 from European Research Council (ERC).
She has served on the editorial board of several professional journals and is currently Editor in chief of Frontiers in Emotion Science. She has been Ad hoc Member of advisory panels in the US NIH and NSF and, in Europe, a member of the NWO (Dutch Organisation for Scientific Research)/Veni commission, the Heart Foundation, permanent member of the Belgian Science Foundation/Psychology commission, a frequent advisor for ANR, CNRS (France), INSERM, The Wellcome Trust.
Nonverbal communication and emotional expression in the body; Face recognition and its deficits; Non-conscious recognition in patients with cortical damage; Multisensory perception and the interaction between auditory and visual processes; Neuroscience and the arts.
The emotional body
Social species, and specifically primates, rely heavily on conspecifics for survival. While higher cognitive abilities play a role in understanding action, affect, and decision-making aspects of social behavior, it is clear that across the primate order nonverbal communication predominantly starts with visual perception of other agents. Our current understanding of the visual basis of these processes is still poor, in part because it is not clear how a wealth of insights into object perception would carry over to perception of social agents.
A core aspect of social communication concerns the perception of whole-body movements and their synchronization between agents. This research project aims at discovering the midlevel visual features of human whole-body movement perception that are the core drivers of affect perception. For this purpose, our study will range from behavioral and neural measures of body shape and movement encoding to online social interaction. Most experiments include Virtual Reality designs whereby VR, used in the manner of classical psychophysics, systematically alters the dimension of interest in body movement features per experiment. The research will devise a neurobiologically and ethologically realistic and highly performant model of body perception. This model will combine elements from deep learning suitable for coping with large stimulus sets, with physiologically plausible neurodynamic approaches appropriate for modeling the flexible organization of body processing. The novel questions and methodologies of this research will transcend the traditional debates in the neurobiology of emotion on hardwired vs. subjective constructions and orient theory towards a neuroethological perspective.
De Gelder Beatrice, Emotions and the Body, Oxford University Press, 2016, 312 p.
De Gelder B, Vaessen MJ, Abassi E, et al., « Computational Feature Analysis of Body Movements Reveals Hierarchical Brain Organization », In Cereb Cortex, vol. 29, n°8, 2019, p. 3551-3560. https://doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhy228
De Gelder B, van der Heijden K., Rauschecker J.P., et al., “Cortical mechanisms of spatial hearing”, in Nature Reviews Neuroscience, vol 20, n°10, 2019, p. 609-623. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41583-019-0206-5
De Gelder, B., de Borst AW., Sanchez-Vives MV., et al., “First-Person Virtual Embodiment Modulates the Cortical Network that Encodes the Bodily Self and Its Surrounding Space during the Experience of Domestic Violence.” In eNeuro vol. 7, n°3 , May. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1523/ENEURO.0263-19.2019
Symposium organized by Beatrice de Gelder, Paris IAS and Maastricht University & Julie Grezes, ENS Paris