Raluca Grosescu holds a PhD in political science from the University of Paris Nanterre and is currently a researcher at the University of Bucharest, Faculty of Political Science. She was previously an Associate Researcher at the University of Exeter and a Post-doctoral fellow at the Institute for European Global Studies, Basel. She is Co-Investigator of the project “The Criminalization of Dictatorial Pasts in Eastern Europe and Latin America in Global Perspective” (University of Exeter) and Principal Investigator of “Transitional Justice in Romania in Global Perspective”. Her most recent publications include the edited collections Justice, Memory and Transnational Networks. European and South American Entanglements (special issue of Global Society, 2019) and Transitional Criminal Justice in Post-Dictatorial and Post-Conflict Societies (Intersentia, 2015) .
Post-dictatorial/Post-conflict Justice in Latin America and Central Eastern Europe; Transnational justice and memory; International Criminal and Humanitarian Law; Business and Human Rights; Political Sociology.
Legal and Political Uses of International Criminal Law in National Courts
Argentina, Bulgarian, Paraguay and Romania in Global Perspective
My project explores how national courts from Latin America and Central Eastern Europe have challenged and transformed international criminal law (ICL) in trials held against former authoritarian officials after the “third wave” of democratization. In contrast to the UN-centric approaches that have dominated the scholarship on ICL, the project explores the role of two so-called “semi-peripheries” of the international system in shaping global norms. It shows how legal actors from Latin America and Central Eastern Europe created novel readings of ICL and contested an existing international law order which they considered unable to address the crimes committed by military and communist regimes. These reinterpretations were determined by the quest to overcome impunity in specific national contexts and by the concern to construct an international legal memory that would include the mass repression perpetrated by communist and military dictatorships. The book resulting from my research will trace similar trends of ICL recast across countries and regions and show their impact on the international system through circulation across borders and jurisdictions and through the intense disputes (and contestations) they have sparked within the international legal community.