Roberta De Monticelli is Professor of Philosophy of Personhood at San Raffaele University, Milan, Italy. She has been Professor of Modern and Contemporary Philosophy at the University of Geneva (1989-2004), and PhD Student of Sir Michael Dummett in Oxford (at Wolfson College). She is Director of the Research Center PERSONA (see also its forum, Phenomenology Lab) and Chief Editor of Phenomenology and Mind. She has been Visiting Professor at KU Leuven and Husserl Archiv (2018), Research Fellow at Columbia University (2017) and at Humboldt Universität Berlin (2012). Her last book – The Gift of Bonds (1918) explores phenomenological philosophy as an inquiry into the validity of all constraints on human arbitrariness: logical, but also ethical, legal, political norms.
Phenomenological Approaches to Mind and Personhood; Norms and Values – Feeling/Emotions – Will/Decisions – Personal Identity – Embodied Cognition; Practical Reason-Cosmopolitanism-Europe
Values in the Flesh. A Phenomenology of Value Qualities
The word “values” raises suspicion in public and private conversations. The prevailing view confines values to cultural traditions or faith commitments. From that point of view, the plurality of values is just a sign of their historical relativity. Relativism is simply viewed as the price to pay for secularism and the modern, the liberal foundations of an open society. Axiological scepticism, denying that value judgments have truth conditions, is mainstream also in academic research, including philosophy, the cognitive sciences and the social sciences.
The main goal of this project is to show that such an axiological scepticism is unmotivated and that Hume’s or Kelsen’s dichotomy of facts and values can be rejected. Practical reason can be reestablished on the foundations of value experience. I shall adopt a phenomenological method in clarifying the properties of value experience, its normativity, and the role of emotional sensitivity in value cognition. Accordingly, I aim to investigate (i) the very nature of value qualities, with a focus on different subclasses of values and our experience of them; and (ii) the role of value experience as a foundation of practical embodied reason, intentionality and action.