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Xavier Rousseaux

Professor
Catholic University of Louvain
From Revolutions to World Wars; Crime, Justice and State in Western Europe (1750-1950). A contribution to a transnational history of crime and criminal justice.
01 September 2015 -
30 June 2016
Law
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EURIAS Fellow

Xavier Rousseaux is Research Director FRS- FNRS (Belgium) and Professor at Université catholique de Louvain, University of Bruxelles and University of Luxembourg. He specializes in western history of crime and justice and leads several related research projects. He manages an international network on the history of Belgian justice, (1975-2015). He is a founding member of the journal Crime, Histoire et sociétés.

Research interests

History of crime and justice; violence (standards, practices, societies); State building and criminal justice in North Western Europe; Politics and justice: occupation(s) and retribution.

Key publications

Monuments ou documents ? Les comptabilités comme source pour l’histoire du contrôle social (XIIIe-XVIIIe siècle), co-ed., AGR, 2015.

Justices militaires et guerres mondiales (1914-1950), co-ed., Presses Universitaires de Louvain, 2013.

A history of crime and criminal justice in Europe, in Handbook of European Criminology, Routledge, 2013.

Un “long 19e siècle”. Banditisme, protestation populaire et violence dans les territoires belges (1750-1919), Revue Européenne d’histoire, 2013.

Némésis et Thémis : les transformations de la vengeance en Occident avec Aude Musin in La vengeance en Europe, Presses Universitaires de Paris-Sorbonne, 2015.

Part of a larger synthesis on history of crime and justice in Western Europe (13th-20th c.), the project will address the crucial period of the transformation of European criminal justice (1750-1950). The project seeks to link three problems often treated separately: state formation and the dynamics of contemporary society in its responses to crime; the extension of Western justice through the creation of colonial empires; and the experiences of brutalization that Europe suffered during the two world wars. These major developments in the State's ever-widening monopoly over the right to punish generated varied reactions on the part of individuals, groups and communities (resistance, instrumentalization, compromise and submission). The analyses will thus take into account the different scales of such interactions (national, regional, local) in four main lines of judiciary response to crime: Describing, prosecuting, judging and punishing crime and perpetrators. The work will analyze scientific debates and popular representations of crime in order to understand the functions of crime in society. In other words, the “criminal question” will serve as a means of observing the evolution of social cohesion in European societies.

Participation de X. Rousseaux (résident de l'IEA de Paris) au séminaire SYSPOE
25 May 2016 12:00 -
26 May 2016 17:00,
Chantilly-Gouvieux :
Systèmes policiers Européens XVIIIe-XIXe siècle
Journée d’étude organisée par X. Rousseaux (résident de l'IEA de Paris), avec la collaboration de M. Bost (École Royale Militaire/CegeSoma) et E. Debruyne (UCLouvain)
20 May 2016 09:00 -
20 May 2016 18:00,
Paris :
Espions, contre-espions et espionnage autour de la Première Guerre mondiale
31 Mar 2016 08:30 -
31 Mar 2016 10:30,
Valence :
Denunciation in Periods of War, Crisis and Dictatorial Regime in Twentieth-century Europe: Definition – Interpretation – Prosecution
19 Mar 2016 17:00 -
19 Mar 2016 18:00,
Paris :
Rencontres scientifiques de l'Ecole doctorale d'histoire de l'Université Paris 1
18 Mar 2016 14:00 -
18 Mar 2016 16:30,
Paris :
Comment les sociétés réagissent au terrorisme ? Etude historique et comparative entre la France, l’Allemagne et l’Italie au XIXe s.
Communication de X. Rousseaux (résident de l'IEA de Paris)
17 Mar 2016 14:50 -
22 Mar 2016 15:40,
Bruxelles :
Sources et perspectives de recherche en Belgique
Atelier de recherche organisé par X. Rousseaux (résident de l'IEA de Paris)
03 Mar 2016 13:00 -
04 Mar 2016 17:00,
Paris :
Approches historiques de la régulation sociale, XIVe-XXe siècles
05 Feb 2016 10:30 -
05 Feb 2016 11:00,
Melun :
L'ordre dans la guerre. Gendarmeries et polices européennes face à la Première Guerre mondiale
Intervention de X. Rousseaux, résident de l'IEA de Paris et J. de Brouwer (Université Libre de Bruxelles) dans le cadre du Workshop "Lex in the City"
17 Dec 2015 11:45 -
17 Dec 2015 11:15,
Bruxelles :
Death in the City. Long-term Representations of Capital Punishment in the Belgian Space (18th-20th c.)
04 Dec 2015 00:00 -
04 Dec 2015 13:00,
Bruxelles :
Doing Justice in Wartime. Multiple Interplays Between Justice & Populations During the Two World Wars
28 Nov 2015 14:00 -
28 Nov 2015 14:45,
Leiden :
Death penalty, prison and gender perspective: a comparative perspective 1600-1900
20 Nov 2015 14:00 -
20 Nov 2015 13:30,
Paris :
La justice et l'oubli. Regards croisés sur la dialectique mémoire-oubli dans le champ judiciaire
Communication de Xavier Rousseaux, résident de l'IEA de Paris
05 Nov 2015 14:00 -
05 Nov 2015 17:00,
Paris :
Les procès de Nuremberg. Nouvelles approches à partir des professions
03 Nov 2015 17:00 -
03 Nov 2015 19:00,
Paris :
Crime, justice et Etat dans les sociétés européennes (1750-1950) : contribution à une histoire transnationale du pénal
Communication de Xavier Rousseaux, résident de l'IEA de Paris
06 Oct 2015 13:15 -
06 Oct 2015 13:15,
Bruxelles :
Deux siècles de justice. Encyclopédie historique de la justice belge
517
2015-2016
Contemporary period (1789-…)
Western Europe
xavier.rousseaux@uclouvain.be